。 Problems Created by the opulatt。on Explosion
This sudden increase in。 th。e population of the developing countries has com。e at a difficult time. Even if their population had。 not grown so fast they would have been facing a desperate struggle to bring t。he standard of living of their people up to th。e point at which there。 was enough food, housing, education, medical care and employment for everyone to have a reasonable life.The poor countries are having to run faster and faster in their economic activity in order to stay in the same place, and t。he gap in wealth between ric。h and poor countries grows wider every year.
The most pressing problem creat。ed by the rapid increase in population is a s。hortage of food. More mou。ths have to be f。ed eve。ry year and yet a high proportion of the。 existi。ng population are not getting enough of。 the right kind of food. Over the past two years th。e total amount of food has decreased, and of course the total amount of food per person ha。s decreased even more sha。rply.
More and more of the babies born in developing countries have been surviving infancy。, and now nearly half the people living in those countries are under the age of 15. The adults have to work harder than ever to prov。ide for the needs of the children,who cannot contribute to the economy until they are older. There is a shortag。e of schools and。 teache。rs, and there are n。ot enough hospitals, doctors and nurses. Farming land is becoming scarce,so count。ry people are moving to the towns and cities in the hope of find。ing a better standard of living. But the cities have not been able to。 provide housing, and the newcomers live in crowded slums.Finally, there are too few job。s, and unemployment leads to further poverty.
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