When did sport begin? If spo。rt。 is, in e。ssence, play, th。e c。laim might be made that spor。t is much older than humankind, for , as we all have observed, the beasts play. Dogs and cats wrestle and play ball games. Fishes and birds dance. The apes have simple, pleasurable。 games. Frolicking infants, school children pl。aying tag, and adult arm wrestle。rs are demonstrating strong, transgener。ationa。l and trans。species bonds with the universe of animals - past, present, and f。ut。ure. Young animals, particularly, tumble, chase, run wrestle, mock, imitate, and laugh (or so it seems) to the point of delighted exhaustion. Their play, and ours, appears t。o serve no othe。r purpose tha。n to give pleasure to the players, and appa。rently, to remove。 us temporari。ly from the anguish of life in earnest.
Some philosophers have c。laimed that our playfulnes。s is the most noble part of our basic nature. In their generous conceptions, play harmlessly and experimentally permits us to put our creative forces, fantasy, and imagination into action. Play is release fro。m the tedious battles against scarcity and decline which are the incessant, an。d inevitable, tragedies of life. This is a grand conception that excites and provokes. The holder。s o。f this view claim that the。 origins o。f our highest accomplishments。 ---- liturgy。, literatur。e, and law ---- can be traced to a play impulse which, paradoxically, we see most purely enj。oyed by young beasts and children. Our sports, in this rather happy, nonfatalistic view of human nature, are。 more splendid creations of the nondatabl。e, transspecies play impulse.